Types of Dental Implants and How to Choose One
Dental implants are often the most reliable and long-lastingoption when it comes to finding a solution for your missing teeth.Dental implants are also some of the few options in dentistry which can potentially last a lifetime. They are available in different sizes and types, lengths and diameters. The choice would depend upon the bone available and the tooth to be replaced. They are manufactured in different countries especially Switzerland, Germany, South Korea, Brazil, the United States and many others.Here we have outlined the different types of dental implants Dubai, the treatment planning procedure and the actual implant placement and the final restoration, to give you a better understanding of the overall process.
Treatment Planning with 3D Imaging
The first step prior to any implant begins with a consultation to assess the patient needs. Provided the patient is medically fit, all the treatment options are discussed. Before the procedure, 3D imaging using a Cone Beam Scanner (or CBCT for Short) is used to study the anatomy of the your jaws. A CBCT gives us much more detail than just regular x-rays. A CBCT helps the implantologist(the dental implant specialist) to understand what type, size and shape of implant will best suit the patient’s specific need. A CBCT also tells us the density of the bone and can give a fair idea of whether you can get a same day implant or not. 3D imaging can also save both time and money as it allows the implantologist to understand the underlying gum or bonescenario that could potentially be an issue during the implant process.
Types of dental implants
There are mainly two types of dental implants:
Endosteal: These dental implants Dubai are positioned surgically within the jawbone. They are the most common types of implants. They are shaped as small pegs, screws or cylinders made out of titanium and more recently Zirconia.
Subperiosteal: These implants are surgically positioned under the gum but above the jawbone. They are usually best for patients who do not want to go through a bone augmentation procedure or do not have bone in a sufficient quantity to receive the implant. The use of subperiosteal implants are reducing with each passing year.
For patients who have an insufficient amount of bone for dental implants, there are several techniques that can be used to recreate bone to receive a dental implant. Some of these techniques include:
Bone augmentation is a process that restores and regenerates the jawbone utilizing bone additives and numerous growth factors. This is thus far the best way to regenerate the bone and achieve results that ensure longevity.
The sinus lift is another technique that is most commonly known as sinus augmentation or elevation. This is usually required in the upper back teeth which lie just underneath the sinus. This procedure involves the addition of bone underneath the sinus in positions where the natural bone has been damaged or deteriorated due to loss of upper back teeth. Sinus lifts can also be done using PRF (Platelet Rich Fibrin) instead of bone or bone substitutes which is a more recent technique.
Ridge expansion is a technique utilized to expand the jaw bone in cases where the jaw bone is sufficiently high but of insufficient width.
Alternative techniques for dental implants
There are other several options that could be a better alternative for your specific dental issues. Other alternatives may include:
Mini dental implants or MDIs
These implants are as narrow as a toothpick and are used to add stability to a lower denture. They are extremely easy to place and requireminimal recovery time.
Immediate dental implants or same day implants
Also known as ‘teeth in a day’ same day implants are exactly what they sound like. These implants allow the implantologist to place a tooth on the same day that the original tooth is removed. There are conditions to this however.
All-on-4 is another alternative method that involves a full arch of teeth that is placed on each jaw on just four implants. Bone grafts are usually not required. With the help of special abutments or connectors, the implantologist makes sure that the replacement teeth remain firm and stable in their position allowing patients to easily continue with their daily activities.
A comprehensive consultation with a specialist can help you decide what type of implant is best for your specific dental needs. So talk to your specialist and explore your options!